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DTN: Acreage report doesn’t help supply

By Staff | Apr 3, 2013

A northern Iowa farmer works in his cornfield. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates the corn crop will be planted this year — 97.3 million acres — is the most since 1936.



Darin Newsom, DTN’s senior market analyst, called the March 28 acreage and stock reports as “interesting” with “questionable numbers” and don’t show enough acres planted to corn and soybeans to refresh carryover bushels in August 2014.

Newsom offered his comments on March 29 in a webinar.

The reports, issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, predicted U.S. farmers:

DARIN NEWSOM DTN's senior market analyst

1. Plant 97.3 million acres of corn, the most since 1936, with a national yield of 147.2 bushels per acre, harvesting a total of 13.08 bushels. With 885 million bushels left in storage on Aug. 31, it would provide a total supply of 14.02 bb. It showed demand using 13 bb, leaving a carry over in August 2014 of 1.02 bb, about 7.9 percent of supply.

2. Plant 77.5 million acres of soybeans, a small decline from 2012’s 77.2 million acres but still the fourth highest on record, with an average yield of 42 bpa, harvesting a total of 3.2 bb. With 100 million bushels left in storage on Aug. 31, it would provide a total supply of 3.32 bb. It showed demand using 3.16 bb, leaving a carry over in August 2014 of 160 mb, about 5.1 percent of supply.

But Newsom said he thought the 2013 carryovers were not realistic, especially with soybeans.

He said supply at the end of the second marketing quarter are the lowest in nine years. If the country uses the number of beans as is typical in a marketing year, he said the country would fall shot of soybeans by Aug. 31 by 130 mb, rather than USDA’s estimate of having 100 mb on hand.

Concerning corn, using the same scenario, he said the country will need 885 mb between now and Aug. 31, with the USDA showing 632 mb available.

And prospects of resupplying the soybean larder are not positive, Newsom said. For the past five years, soybeans have been unable to entice acres away from corn. In fact, corn appears to be taking more acres away from cotton in 2013, the USDA report said.

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