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By Staff | Feb 20, 2015

The low whimpering and muffled whining heard in farm country this month are not the gripes and grunts of corn and soybean growers trudging through 2015’s purgatory of under $4 corn and less than $10 beans.

Instead, it’s the rising complaints of cranky farmers as they trudge out of dull meetings where Land Grant experts and Farm Service Agency officials have spent hours explaining farm program options under the 2014 farm bill.

“Good grief,” one farmer moaned to a reporter from Iowa Public Television’s Market to Market program after a lengthy, acronym-packed meeting. “It would be hard to make it more complex.”

The farmer, like most now diving into the program’s insurance-based options for the first time, went on to wonder if members of Congress, who spent nearly three years researching, wrangling and writing the law, actually know anything about agriculture or farming themselves or if they just know a lot about economics.

Another farmer, also plowing through his complicated options prior to the program’s late-March sign-up deadline, telephoned to ask, “Who wrote this mess?”

The answer – you did.

And here’s how, according to decades-long Capitol Hill farm policy hand who watched as the farm bill sausage was ground, tasted, reground, then retasted and reground again and again from 2011 through 2013 until it became a bland blob all could chew, but few could stomach.

The legislative debate began with a skirmish over whether the new law would go big and devise a new deep loss program with available money or go small and design an add-on program to the current crop insurance-centered law that might pay lesser amounts more often on what were called shallow losses.

The American Farm Bureau Federation pushed the deep loss option, but not very far. Commodity groups, which preferred the shallow loss idea, quickly gained traction with Congress and the deep loss idea was deep-sixed.

That quick, clean win set the stage for tougher, longer fights over how each group could maximize federal farm program payments for their own members, said my Capitol Hill source. “Once that started, it became obvious there would be no cohesive legislation.”

The fighting turned nasty. “Every option offered by one commodity group was followed by a counter option from another group,” the source said. “That suboption brought sub-suboptions from the first group and on and on it went.”

The commodity groups then brought in local and regional Land Grant policy experts and ag economists and each university group developed its own program calculator to analyze every option and suboption.

“Then it just became a battle of this calculator versus that calculator versus another calculator,” the source said.

What he means is if the corn growers offered A for corn, then the wheat producers wanted B for wheat and, in turn, the cotton growers now needed C for cotton.

The debate became a grinding search for that narrow piece of ground where everyone could stand.

In the end, that search yielded “a completely Balkanized program that is now completely, utterly incoherent,” he said.

Additionally, said the old farm bill hand, “the 2014 law is anything but forward-thinking.” It’s built on commodity programs of the past, not the food needs of the future and it looks like an open invitation to the World Trade Organization to challenge it on multiple levels.

“So the farmers are right; this bill is a mess,” he said. “It was a mess when it was passed and it’s still a mess.”

OK, it’s a mess. We can fix this, right?

“Boy, while a lot of members on both the Senate and House ag committees say they’d like to change several parts of the bill – SNAP, say Republicans; crop insurance subsidies, say Democrats – no one has the energy or votes to do it,” said this handicapper. “This is it.”

In other words, this mess is your mess until the whole messy process begins again in 2018.

The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the U.S. and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at www.farmandfoodfile.com.

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