FARM AND FOOD FILE
It’s an almost poetic coincidence that the day after Greek voters loudly told European technocrats in Brussels, and German bankers in Berlin to stuff it, the futures trading Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group quietly made changes. It moved its last open outcry, commodity trading pit, from Chicago’s Loop to the perfectly technocratic, globally homeless, electronic market.
The Greek “No!” vote, like the Greek-European Union financial showdown that brought it about, was loud, messy and definitive. In other words, it was democracy in action. How perfect for the nation that invented democracy.
And, yes, the vote might unravel the nation or fatally weaken the Euro; Europe’s not so central, central currency. But that, too, is democratic because while freedom ensures your voice will be heard, it doesn’t ensure what you say will be correct, or smart.
On the other hand, the wordless death of the roar-filled trading pits in Chicago’s old Board of Trade and newer Mercantile Exchange closes the door on the most democratic markets in the world. Gone are sellers and buyers looking each other in the eye to make a deal for some of this year’s corn or next year’s butter.
Until, of course, some yet unborn hacker somewhere presses a computer key and soybean prices plummet by half in a half an hour. When that happens – not if – boy, oh, boy, are we going to miss that old in-your-face market.
There’s another, deeper connection between the European Union’s now shaky financial future and the recent pit closings in Chicago: each underlying element, the European Union and the Chicago futures market, was invented out of thin air to better secure a supply of fairly priced food for citizens of both continents.
The idea of a stable, peaceful Europe was forged in the hungry decade it endured after World War II.
To meet that hunger, and fuel the brawn and brains it knew it needed to build a new future, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany laid the groundwork for the Common Market and its coordinated food program, the Common Agricultural Policy, in 1957.
Almost 60 years later, that six-nation Common Market is now the 28-nation European Union and CAP remains the guiding farm and food policy for today’s well-fed Europe.
Europe’s food policy is a teenager compared to the futures pits that made Chicago famous and established benchmark prices used by farmers and food buyers alike. When the last pits closed in early July, open outcry was more than 150 years old.
The market stability brought by CAP and the price integrity supplied by Chicago worked well. So well, in fact, that the European Union and the United States have swapped the No. 1 and No. 2 spots as the world’s leading food exporter for years, each selling between $100 billion and $120 billion worth of food abroad from 2011-13.
The other side of that coin, ag imports, found the same two food giants in the lead, too.
The difference, however, is that the EU’s $100 billion or so of yearly ag imports consistently outpaces second place America by $20 billion or so. (In 2014, China passed both as the world’s leading ag importer.)
It’s not a coincidence that the world’s leading economic powers also are the world’s leading food importers. It’s a simple fact that wealthy people eat more and better than poor people. Always have, always will.
What’s far more uncertain, however, is how the EU will solve today’s financial standoff with Greece. The solution isn’t as easy as German bankers taking a financial haircut on their profligate lending, or Greek retirees taking a hit to their profligate pensions.
If it was, there would be no standoff.
The solution, if there is to be one, will be political, and it will come as most fair, transparent deals have come. People of differing views will look each other in the eye, and in good faith, will agree to terms.
It’s democracy, born in Greece and perfected in Chicago.
The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the U.S. and Canada. Past columns, events and contact information are posted at www.farmandfoodfile.com.
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