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Iowa pigs up 1 percent, a near record

By Staff | Oct 24, 2015

By USDA-National

Agricultural Statistics Service

IOWA

On Sept. 1, there were 21.2 million hogs and pigs on Iowa farms, according to the latest USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Hogs and Pigs report.

This is the second highest inventory since records began in 1870, behind only December 2014’s inventory of 21.3 million.

The Sept. 1 inventory was up 1 percent from June and up 2 percent from last September’s 20.8 million head.

The June-August quarterly pig crop was 5.4 million head, up 3 percent from the previous quarter, but 5 percent below last year.

A total of 500,000 sows farrowed during this quarter.

The average pigs saved per litter was 10.8 for the June-August quarter, a record high.

As of Sept. 1, producers planned to farrow 490,000 head of sows and gilts in the September-November quarter and 485,000 head during the December 2015-February 2016 quarter.

U.S.

The United States’ inventory of all hogs and pigs on Sept. 1, was 68.4 million head.

This was up 4 percent from Sept. 1, 2014, and up 2 percent from June 1, 2015.

This is the highest inventory of all hogs and pigs since quarterly United States estimates began in 1988.

Breeding inventory, at 5.99 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and up 1 percent from the previous quarter.

Market hog inventory, at 62.4 million head, was up 4 percent from last year, and up 2 percent from last quarter.

This is the highest market hog inventory since quarterly United States estimates began in 1988.

The June-August 2015 pig crop, at 30.6 million head, was up 1 percent from 2014.

Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.94 million head, down 2 percent from 2014.

The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd.

The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.39 for the June-August period, compared to 10.16 last year.

Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 8.00 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.4 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intend to have 2.92 million sows farrow during the September-November 2015 quarter, down 2 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2014, but up 5 percent from 2013.

Intended farrowings for December-February 2016, at 2.87 million sows, are down 1 percent from 2015, but up 4 percent from 2014.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 47 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 46 percent last year.

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